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Facemasks, Hand Hygiene, and Influenza among Young Adults: A Randomized Intervention Trial

Overview of attention for article published in PLoS ONE, January 2012
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
18 news outlets
blogs
6 blogs
policy
2 policy sources
twitter
522 tweeters
facebook
6 Facebook pages
video
1 video uploader

Citations

dimensions_citation
97 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
221 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
Title
Facemasks, Hand Hygiene, and Influenza among Young Adults: A Randomized Intervention Trial
Published in
PLoS ONE, January 2012
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0029744
Pubmed ID
Authors

Allison E. Aiello, Vanessa Perez, Rebecca M. Coulborn, Brian M. Davis, Monica Uddin, Arnold S. Monto

Abstract

Limited vaccine availability and the potential for resistance to antiviral medications have led to calls for establishing the efficacy of non-pharmaceutical measures for mitigating pandemic influenza. Our objective was to examine if the use of face masks and hand hygiene reduced rates of influenza-like illness (ILI) and laboratory-confirmed influenza in the natural setting. A cluster-randomized intervention trial was designed involving 1,178 young adults living in 37 residence houses in 5 university residence halls during the 2007-2008 influenza season. Participants were assigned to face mask and hand hygiene, face mask only, or control group during the study. Discrete-time survival models using generalized estimating equations to estimate intervention effects on ILI and confirmed influenza A/B infection over a 6-week study period were examined. A significant reduction in the rate of ILI was observed in weeks 3 through 6 of the study, with a maximum reduction of 75% during the final study week (rate ratio [RR] = 0.25, [95% CI, 0.07 to 0.87]). Both intervention groups compared to the control showed cumulative reductions in rates of influenza over the study period, although results did not reach statistical significance. Generalizability limited to similar settings and age groups. Face masks and hand hygiene combined may reduce the rate of ILI and confirmed influenza in community settings. These non-pharmaceutical measures should be recommended in crowded settings at the start of an influenza pandemic.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 522 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 221 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Japan 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Unknown 217 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 35 16%
Researcher 30 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 28 13%
Student > Master 21 10%
Other 16 7%
Other 44 20%
Unknown 47 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 71 32%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 17 8%
Nursing and Health Professions 11 5%
Social Sciences 11 5%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 9 4%
Other 45 20%
Unknown 57 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 616. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 February 2021.
All research outputs
#18,220
of 17,138,809 outputs
Outputs from PLoS ONE
#341
of 163,380 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#67
of 223,070 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLoS ONE
#4
of 4,019 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,138,809 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 163,380 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.4. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 223,070 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 4,019 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.