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Complete Khoisan and Bantu genomes from southern Africa

Overview of attention for article published in Nature, February 2010
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (90th percentile)

Readers on

mendeley
615 Mendeley
citeulike
21 CiteULike
connotea
5 Connotea
Title
Complete Khoisan and Bantu genomes from southern Africa
Published in
Nature, February 2010
DOI 10.1038/nature08795
Pubmed ID
Authors

Stephan C. Schuster, Webb Miller, Aakrosh Ratan, Lynn P. Tomsho, Belinda Giardine, Lindsay R. Kasson, Robert S. Harris, Desiree C. Petersen, Fangqing Zhao, Ji Qi, Can Alkan, Jeffrey M. Kidd, Yazhou Sun, Daniela I. Drautz, Pascal Bouffard, Donna M. Muzny, Jeffrey G. Reid, Lynne V. Nazareth, Qingyu Wang, Richard Burhans, Cathy Riemer, Nicola E. Wittekindt, Priya Moorjani, Elizabeth A. Tindall, Charles G. Danko, Wee Siang Teo, Anne M. Buboltz, Zhenhai Zhang, Qianyi Ma, Arno Oosthuysen, Abraham W. Steenkamp, Hermann Oostuisen, Philippus Venter, John Gajewski, Yu Zhang, B. Franklin Pugh, Kateryna D. Makova, Anton Nekrutenko, Elaine R. Mardis, Nick Patterson, Tom H. Pringle, Francesca Chiaromonte, James C. Mullikin, Evan E. Eichler, Ross C. Hardison, Richard A. Gibbs, Timothy T. Harkins, Vanessa M. Hayes, Schuster SC, Miller W, Ratan A, Tomsho LP, Giardine B, Kasson LR, Harris RS, Petersen DC, Zhao F, Qi J, Alkan C, Kidd JM, Sun Y, Drautz DI, Bouffard P, Muzny DM, Reid JG, Nazareth LV, Wang Q, Burhans R, Riemer C, Wittekindt NE, Moorjani P, Tindall EA, Danko CG, Teo WS, Buboltz AM, Zhang Z, Ma Q, Oosthuysen A, Steenkamp AW, Oostuisen H, Venter P, Gajewski J, Zhang Y, Pugh BF, Makova KD, Nekrutenko A, Mardis ER, Patterson N, Pringle TH, Chiaromonte F, Mullikin JC, Eichler EE, Hardison RC, Gibbs RA, Harkins TT, Hayes VM

Abstract

The genetic structure of the indigenous hunter-gatherer peoples of southern Africa, the oldest known lineage of modern human, is important for understanding human diversity. Studies based on mitochondrial and small sets of nuclear markers have shown that these hunter-gatherers, known as Khoisan, San, or Bushmen, are genetically divergent from other humans. However, until now, fully sequenced human genomes have been limited to recently diverged populations. Here we present the complete genome sequences of an indigenous hunter-gatherer from the Kalahari Desert and a Bantu from southern Africa, as well as protein-coding regions from an additional three hunter-gatherers from disparate regions of the Kalahari. We characterize the extent of whole-genome and exome diversity among the five men, reporting 1.3 million novel DNA differences genome-wide, including 13,146 novel amino acid variants. In terms of nucleotide substitutions, the Bushmen seem to be, on average, more different from each other than, for example, a European and an Asian. Observed genomic differences between the hunter-gatherers and others may help to pinpoint genetic adaptations to an agricultural lifestyle. Adding the described variants to current databases will facilitate inclusion of southern Africans in medical research efforts, particularly when family and medical histories can be correlated with genome-wide data.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 23 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 615 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 25 4%
United Kingdom 13 2%
South Africa 12 2%
Brazil 10 2%
Germany 9 1%
Spain 7 1%
Belgium 5 <1%
Canada 5 <1%
Japan 4 <1%
Other 29 5%
Unknown 496 81%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 175 28%
Student > Ph. D. Student 135 22%
Student > Master 62 10%
Professor > Associate Professor 48 8%
Student > Bachelor 46 7%
Other 149 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 397 65%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 54 9%
Medicine and Dentistry 41 7%
Unspecified 22 4%
Social Sciences 19 3%
Other 82 13%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 183. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 15 June 2018.
All research outputs
#53,773
of 11,400,290 outputs
Outputs from Nature
#5,958
of 59,148 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#52,886
of 10,733,477 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Nature
#5,808
of 58,587 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 11,400,290 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 59,148 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 71.0. This one has done well, scoring higher than 89% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 10,733,477 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 58,587 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its contemporaries.